Boyle County Genealogical & Historical Society, Inc.
John Caldwell, the immigrating ancestor of the
Caldwell family in Boyle County, was born 9 January 1683 in Lifford
Parish, Ballyoogan, County Donegal, Ireland. His ancestry can be traced
back at least five generations to Alexander Caldwell, who immigrated from
Scotland to Ireland before 1600. The immigrant John married Margarette
Phillips and they are the parents of Margaret Amey Caldwell, wife of James
Mitchell, Sr. mentioned in another section of this program. John and
Margarette Phillips Caldwell eventually made their home in the Cub Creek
area of Lunenburg County, Virginia, where John, his son David, and
grandson Robert were ruling elders in the Cub Creek Presbyterian Church.
[Cub Creek Presbyterian Church and Congregation 1738-1838, Elizabeth
Venable Gaines, page 33] John Caldwell of Scotch ancestry, but of Irish
birth emigrated from Antrim, Ireland around 1727, and settled first at
Chestnut Level, Lancaster Co., PA and later removed to Charlotte County,
The seven children of John and Margarette Phillips
John's granddaughter, Martha Caldwell married Patrick
Calhoun and was the mother of John Caldwell Calhoun, the leading statesman
and well-known Senator from the South." [Historical and Biographical
Sketch of the Caldwell Family, Page 20-21] Other prominent descendants
are General Samuel Caldwell, Colonel of Kentucky Troops in 1812, attorney,
and first clerk of Logan County, Russellville, KY; Elias Boudinot
Caldwell, clerk of the US Supreme Court for 25 years; a number of
ministers and several wives of governors.
It is through the influence of the Caldwells and some
of the other families who lived in the Cub Creek area of Virginia that Dr.
David Rice came to the Danville area to be the pastor of the Presbyterian
Church. According to Calvin Morgan Fackler’s book A Chronicle of The
Old First Presbyterian Church, Danville, Kentucky, Rice had been in
the Cub Creek area serving as a pastor there from 1767-1771. James
Mitchell, Rice’s son-in-law had already come to Kentucky first; he may
have come to reaffirm for David Rice the credit of establishing a
Presbyterian Church here. Documents show that this meeting house, built
on the town square, was the first in the west.
Submitted by Carolyn B. Crabtree
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